This Is Just an Amateur Blog

It is easy to create a web log / a blog as it just takes you five minutes. Open account with Google or Yahoo to have your own e-mail and log in with Blogger, Multiply or Wordpress to create your blog. Within five minutes, you will have got your own blog and you can write down anything on it, and then any one in the other part of the world would see your blog. If so, what is the difficult part of blogging?

Yes, to create a blog is an easy thing. The problem is how to maintain it to be existing. I fact, so many blogs are facing the fate of being neglected by the owners like a farm with no plants. It is unknown if the owners still remember the blog, or once in a while, they still visit it. When someone happens to pay a visit to this neglected blog, they find that it has not been updated for 2 or 3 years since the owner posted the first, and perhaps the last article. Thus, to my opinion, writing articles to post is the hardest work of blogging.

When I created this blog, the first thing emerged in my mind is having a place where I can write anything. Yes, I want to learn to write. Since I am not a writer, I do not teach you how to be a good writer or how to write well. If you find out some articles about how to write in this blog, it is just the manifestation of my idea with some reference. It is not a dogma of how to write. If someone thinks that some points of those writings may be logic and acceptable, it is another question.

On the other hand, if someone would think that the contents of this blog are poor or even terrible, it would not bother me at all. Why? The answer is just simple: because, in fact, I am not a writer. I am but a learner who wants to learn to write. The fact that the articles here perhaps do not comply with the writing techniques nor grammatically incorrect would not be a killing punch that renders me to desperation. Good or bad, it is my writing! The most important thing is trying how to improve it. To be poor in originality may be far better than perfection in plagiarism.

This is also not a splendid appearance of blog that present full magnificent displays and attracts hundreds of visitors a day. This is just a simple one with not more than 10 visitors a day and they just accidentally – not on purpose – dropped by. It doesn’t matter, as well. This is not a business blog nor a professional one designed to charm people as many as it can to visit. This is just a plain and amateur blog, the place where I personally learn many things.

You may see the moving banner with the clause ‘the site that makes you speak’ but you are wandering as not to see any part of this blog that makes you speak rather than just write. Yes, you are absolutely perfect. Realizing that I am not a professional English teacher, a linguist, nor an expert of this language, again I have to say, I do not teach you English. For the time being, I am still learning English and try to write down anything here. So, this is just the way of how I learn English. If someone may take any advantage of it, it is just another side for which I should be proud of. In the contrary, when no one see anything appropriate in this blog, it would not be a big thing to dispute.
A professor may think that learning to speak is sticking glued to the phonetics rules, sitting in a language laboratory or, in front of the class, presenting the speech. And with his almighty, the professor is keeping on watch to his students, justifying each student whether he is eligible to be classified as ‘speak’ or not. Street vendors in Bali will thing that speaking English is sounding any words to offer their merchants to buyers. And no one will argue if the vendors say: ‘Yes, we speak English.’ Speaking is sounding words to express one’s idea and his counterparts catch the meaning. The two different perceptions of the way to learn speaking English.

The main four skills of English learning are reading, writing, listening, and speaking. But, each does not mean to be a separate aspect of skill. One should be an integral of the others. Speaking does not always equivalent with practicing pronunciation, dialogues, or presenting a speech. One may also start with reading, writing, or listening. As these four skills are integrated, you may start with reading first when you learn to speak.

I am learning English here with first being much involved with the writing activities, but you are, as the readers, would perhaps start with reading. To my opinion, this is also the way to learn speaking. When you read one of the article loudly so that you will know how to pronounce each word correctly, this is also the way to speak. Usually, if you have a good command of reading, writing, and listening, then you will be proficient in speaking, as well. The first-three skills will support your speaking skill. Thus, again, to learn to speak one may choose from the other side.

I am almost overwhelmed with daily heap of works of export-import documentation and serving customers or other related parties from 8.00 a.m. up to 20.00 p.m. A few after office hours, I try to be with my family before they finally go to bed. The next one or two hours later, at the midnight, I try to manage this blog. Yes, I think I don not have much time to do many things. Anyhow, In the limitation of time and capability, I commit to maintain this blog existing.

One thing is now to be certain: this is not a magnificent blog like ones that are now available on clicks. This is but an amateur one, just a place to share experiences in English Learning. But, another thing has also to be certain: it will be going on. Not to teach, but to share!

The site keeper

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Islands of Mentawai On Sales

Media has reported that three islands of Mentawai are on sale. It has triggered many reactions from all circles. The spokesman of the House Representatives, Agung Laksono, asked the Police Cheif to investigate the issue thoroughy as selling islands is criminal abousive violence to the state unity and soverignity. The Local Provincial Office of West Sumatra and Mentawai Distric said that there is no island on sale, and the data in the web of privateislandsonlines.com are incorrect.Below article was quoted from Kompas, August, 2009 and translated to English for your reference.

The Provincial Office of West Sumatra and the District Office of Mentawai have refused that some islands are on sale, as it was released by a website on internet. The data in the web are not accurate.

The sale of the islands was released by privateislandsonline.com, who has been advertising that three islands are on sale, namely: Macaroni Island, Siloinak, and Kandui.

The assistant of the provincial office secretary of West Sumatra, Sinang Subekti said on Thursday 27/08, that the data on the web are not correct. He ensured that there is no island in Mentawai on sale.

We have informed the issue to the management of the tourism resorts and they confirmed that there is no island on sale. We do not see any law violence perpetrated by the resorts operator in Mentawai.

The Regent Assistant of Mentawai Islands, Yudas Sabaggalet, said that the three islands claimed on the website are not correct. Macaroni is a resort, covering 6 acres of area in Tanjung Sinai, Silabu Village, North Pagai Sub-district. This resort belongs to PT. Indah Internusa Bahagia , a foreign investment company (PMA) in 2004.

Kandui is a resort in Karangmajat Besar Island, covering area of 9.1 acres from the 60 acres of the Karangmajat Besar Island. This resort got a license in 2007.

Siloinak Island has been under management control of PT. Mentawai Surat Wisata since 2009. This foreign company does not control the whole island of 8 acres, but only manages a tourism resort of one acre.

The president director of PT. Mentawai Surak Wisata, Novi Leni Safitri, said that she had never passed any data of the island to the web owner. ‘We operate the resort here as usual and have never had any thought of selling the company, or even the island’, Novi added.

Novi does not have a plan to claim the web owner as this issue has now been taken over by the government. According to Novi, the rumor of the sale of the island has been spreading over since two years ago.

The same idea was also released by the president director of Kandui resort in Mentawai, Anom Suheri. He ensures that he has ever given any data of the resort to the web owner.

The Director General of the Control for the Sea and Fishery Assets of the Department of Seas, Aji Sularo, said that the government will investigate the ad of the islands sale to the web owner in Canada.

“We are making use of the diplomatic line with Canada to ask for any clarification, concerning to the advertisement of the island sale on the web. In case of further case (law violence) disclosed, we shall claim for law pursuit’, he added.

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Radio: Chase Away Your Loneliness

You may be living abroad now for a relatively long time for studies, official duties, or doing a business, and you feel a little homesick. You may be longing for ‘something Indonesian’ to chase away your loneliness. It might be someone from Indonesia to whom you can chat together, or watching a television on Indonesia news and journals. But if you cannot find them, you may have another choice of listening to voice of Indonesian reporters who are on air broadcasting news, playing music or presenting live talk show with listeners over the radios. You just turn on your laptop and click on one online radio streamer. You will feel as if you were in Indonesia, not far away from your home country. Online radio streamers can help you to chase away your loneliness.

In the mid of the vast attacks of the television innovation and or other audio devices like MP3/MP4, do the radios still have their fans like when they were on their golden age several decades ago? Almost in every city in this country, we still find more than just one radio station. Some people start or end the day by turning on the radio. While they are preparing themselves for their activities of the day, they listen to the radio. Or, when they are trapped in a traffic jam and have to seat in their car creeping the road, the trust the radio to entertain them. Some have a habit of listening to radio at hours before they sleep at night. Others say that they look like to have personal attachment to the radio. If this can be an indication, radios are still in the heart of their listeners.

There are some advantages why radios are still have their own fanatic listeners and are not apart from their heart. Not like televisions that require the viewers to stick glued on the screen, radios allow listeners to multitask. Listeners can do other works while they are listening to the radio. Radios may be also friendlier as listeners can call and share their feeling and emotion in a certain program designed to accommodate such sigh. This prominence is likely beyond the television.

Almost in any radio station, music seems to be the favorite program. Some have designed routine program that offers certain kind of music like pop, jazz, rock, dangdut (a kind of music from Malay), or nostalgic one. Others are presenting music on request, in which listeners can call the operator to ask a song to be played on air. If you are one who likes to have the first updates of the day, then you can tune ones that present news. Local contents such as traditional music and art shows are sometimes presented to entertain listeners of the surroundings.

Not only conventional radio stations that have been existing many years ago, with the rampant use of internet, online radio streamers are now available on your finger’s click. Not like the conventional ones, these online streamers need less infrastructure but with wider coverage of their listeners. Only with your personal computer or laptop and Internet connection your are now in the other continent may listen to any online radio of your town. Thus, you can enjoy your hometown nuance while you are living abroad.

Here are some of online streamers that you may pick up to chase away your loneliness while your are faraway from your hometown.










Other radio streamers:

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Our Independence Day

It has been a tradition to every one in our kampoong to do something special to welcome the Independence Day. Pak RT, the kampoong chief, hold a meeting with the residents to discuss what agenda to be taken. It is almost to be certain that we start it by setting up a committee, called as ‘Panitia Tujuh Belasan’ or ‘Panitia Pitulasan’. Tujuh Belas in Indonesian or Pitulasan in Javanese means the seventeenth of August, when we commemorate the Independence Day. This committee organizes all the events such as the mass social works to clean and dress up the environment, festive competitions and gathering for praying at the Independence Eve. There are many ways to celebrate our Independence Day, of course.

The committee usually organizes festive competition of some sports like volleyball, table tennis, and chess game for fathers and mothers. Some funny games or competitions are for children of the surroundings. We clean and dress up the environment with red-and-white flags and colorful banners to make splendid atmosphere. We do all the things to celebrate our independence to recall the great moment in history about 64 years ago when we get freedom from the colonists.

Hundreds of years our nation had been suffering from the wildest life of the colonialism era, and these miseries invited local and sporadic attacks against the colonist. Uncounted lost of possessions and souls were sacrificed with no result, until the nation came to the national awakening for which we recall it as Hari Kebangkitan Nasional on every May 20. Since the day all efforts to get rid of the colonialism were not on district basis, but on national basis. It was the change of the paradigm in the efforts and struggles to get freedom.

It was on the August 17, 1945 when Mr. Soekarno and Mr. Moh.Hatta, for and on behalf of the nation, proclaimed the Indonesia’s Independence to the world. Since then, we have been an independent nation after so long-sufferings from colonialism. History has recorded that this independence was not granted, but it was fought over with terrible pains, efforts and struggles. It was engraved with tears and paints, bodies and souls.

In commemoration to the Independence Day, we arrange festive events to express our thanks and joy for the freedom. In other side, it is to pray for the heroes passed away in the battles for the independence. Festivals are usually held a few days before or after the August 17. On the Independence Eve, we all gather in a wide-open space with foods offerings. After a written speech from the local regent or major usually read by the village chief, and one from the kampoong chief, an ulama prays for the predecessor heroes. In the same time, he appeals His blessing for the strength and tough to continue the on going development of the country.

A few days, usually until a week later, some festive events are still going on in some villages. Funny games such as panjat pinang (palm tree climbing) are popular among the village residents. In this game, participants will have to climb a palm tree to take some gifts on the top of the tree. It is not an easy game to do as the tree greased with fat before and is becoming slick when the contestants climbing it. Music shows are often presented to end the subsequent events arranged during the commemoration period. This is the way of how to express our thanksgivings to God for the freedom moment.

Now, after 64 years of the Independence Day, we are not holding guns and fire the enemies. We do not have to go to the battlefields confronting the colonists. What we have to do is to develop the country to pursue justice and welfare for all people. This is not an easy task to do of course, and is not only in the hands of the government officials but on ours, all the elements of the nation. It is the task of the nation to get rid of the backwardness.

There are some barriers that we have to overcome. Those might be coming for the outside such as global economic crisis and the fluctuation of the world oil prices. The hard works are how to create a breakthrough to be sustainable to these attacks. From the inside, the low economic growth, the increase of jobless, corruption and illiteracy are waiting tasks of the nation to be overcome. In addition, the country is still prone to any security disturbance and separatism that may hamper foreign investors to come.

We have been 64 years free from the chain of colonialism, but we are facing the new manifestation of it that curbs us from being the developed country. Could we now get rid of all these disadvantages? We may have been left some decades behind those developed countries, but there is only one answer from this nation: YES!

Mojokerto, August 2009

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How to Build a Paragraph

Writing looks like a light work. Even, people say that writing is easy. This saying may be more just like a stimulant that encourages people writing, but a good writing is not as easy as to say it. Good writing requires adequate technical knowledge, logical idea managing, and language proficiency. Communication competency will not be apart from writing. How to make a good writing?

Writing is actually communicating information or message in the forms of written language. To communicate the information, writers have to follow certain techniques so that their readers will easily understand. With their writings, the writers would make readers know and take any advantage from or, further to this-in some cases, to influence their thinking.

As writing is the art of influencing people by means of the power of words, writing is not just a matter of having a brilliant idea. How to present the idea will give much effect to the transferring process of the idea to readers. This communication of idea will be much influenced by whom the readers are supposed to be, the intent of writing, and how deep the expected effect to them.

Writers will express their idea in the form of sentences, but bad structure of them will not help readers comprehend the idea easily. Even, it may lead them to misunderstanding and misinterpreting and it means that the writer fails to transfer his mission. That is why it is important to organize such a group of sentences into a basic unit of writing that develops the main idea. This basic unit of organization is called as a paragraph.

By means of paragraph, writers will manifest their ideas. And only when they are developed in such a way, readers will ‘catch’ these ideas. To write a good paragraph the understanding of what it is about, components of its unity, and how it make a sense seems to be a compulsory.

A paragraph is a cluster of inter-linked sentences, built as a basic unit of a writing that will compose the whole writing in its unity. The numbers of sentences vary from one to another, but it will comprise the three main points of topic sentence, supporting sentences and concluding sentence. In addition to these three points, unity and coherence will support the paragraph to be powerful.

A topic sentence is stating the main idea of the paragraph. It comprises the thing that is to be described. A topic sentence should be precise and no need to tell everything about the topic in the first sentence. It serves to limit to one area that will be described in the space of the paragraph.

Supporting sentences are inter-linked sentences that develop the topic. They explain the topic by giving outlines, reasons, facts that will support the topic to be clear to understand. These sentences will make up the body of the paragraph as the result of describing the topic.

Closing sentence is the concluding sentence that sums up important points from the discussion. It may be a sentence of reinforcing the topic in another words. It is the conclusion of the discussion in the paragraph.

In addition to the three main points that form a paragraph, unity and coherence will support a good paragraph. Unity means that in the paragraph only one and the main idea is stated in the topic sentence and is developed by the supporting sentences to make it easy to comprehend. Meanwhile, coherence means how supporting sentences are describing the topic in logical and consecutive order.

The three steps of building a paragraph are pre-writing, writing and editing. Pre-writing is the step when writers think carefully and organize their ideas for the paragraph before they start writing. The writing step is when they turn the ideas into sentences and communicate them. The editing step is when they check the paragraph for mistakes and take necessary corrections.

In pre-writing step, it may be useful to think of:
Why do I choose the topic?
Why is the topic important?
How can I make the topic interesting?
How to collect data related to the topic?
Then, organize the facts ad ideas to develop the topic and the best way to present them to readers.

Writing step is when writers put on the idea and facts to the consecutive of order of supporting sentences.It is the phase when they write down the topic sentence, describing it with supporting sentence and sum up main point into the conclusing sentence, without missing unity and coherence.

Editing step is when writers check the paragraph for necessary corrections against mistakes. Not only checking against spelling and gramatilcal errors, but to the extend of this, if they have developed the paragraph excellent.

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Good Bye, The Peacock!

Only three days after Mbah Surip passed away and rested at ‘Bengkel Teater’ (Theatre Workshop of Rendra), today the owner, WS Rendra, had been reported as following his death. Clara Shinta, his daughter, has confirmed that Rendra passed away on Thursday at 20.30 local time. According to her, his father died due to his illness and has even had medical treatments in hospital before. Another hot news startling most people of the country has come.

WS Rendra was born in Solo (Central Java) on 07 November 1935, had been the famed poet and cultural specialist in the country. Devoting all the life in the art and culture has been placing him as one of the maestro. WS Rendra, because of his great support has been awarded with title of Burung Merak or the Peacock. He passed away at the age of 74 years old.

He may be rested for the last in Benkel Teater, Citayam, Depok, West Java, where Mbah Surip has been buried three days before. In only within three days of range, the nation has a loss of two well-known workers in the art of culture.

What we can do is not more than just praying for his peaceful rest in the other step of the human life cycle.

Good bye, Rendra! Good bye the Peacock!

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Learning From Mbah Surip!

Not many people may have ever recognized him before, except his family and relatives, who Mbah Surip was. It was such a surprise when he was then coming as a very popular artist in the country. Not only his face was shown of nearly in every minute on TV screen, but his popular song titled with ‘Tak Gendong’ is tuck to every ear of children to adults. This song has been a blast in the music industry of the country. Thus, he was soon becoming a new billionaire who gained five billions rupiahs from his royalties. But, it startled anyone when he was reported as having passed away on 4/8/2009 around 09.00 local time. It was hot news.

According to his family and relative in Mojokerto (East Java) and his colleagues in Jakarta, where he had been living for 29 years, Mbah Surip whose origin name was Urip Achmad Riyanto, was know as having humble but tough personality in the struggle of life. He said that man should not be judged from the outer appearance when men at his surroundings in Mojokerto were disregarding him almost 30 years ago. At that time, he had been living in economically under the grade with his wife and four children.

With the tough spirit of changing to the better life, in 1980 Mbah Surip moved the cosmopolitan city as an urbanite. Not many people know what he was doing, nor does his family, until the time was revealing the fact that he was among of the most favorite artists in the country. One certain thing to believe is that his success did not derive from a merely dream, but it is the fruit of the struggle. The fact that he enjoyed his success only in short time after such a along way of journey is another destiny.

The sudden death of Mbah Surip might not only have been due to the excessive exhaustion, but it might also come from the accumulation of the bad habits. Dr. Ari Fahrial Syam SpPD-KGEH, MMB, an internist from Indonesia University was quoted as saying in the press release in Cipto Mangkusumo Hospital Jakarta, Wednesday (5/8).

Still according to the doctor, as exposed by the Media, with his so tight schedule of shows, Mbah Surip only took 3 hours for sleeping each day. He had been addicted to much smoking and coffee, as well. Excessive fatigue, less sleeping, high smoking and unceasing coffee consuming may have caused chronic disorder to health that can trigger heart attacks.

To avoid this threat, it is important to maintain our style of living. Besides enough hours for sleeping, we must consume food with less fat, and to avoid much coffee, supplement drinks and smoking. Consuming healthy vegetables, fruit, and at least two liters of fresh water is highly recommended. Periodical laboratory tests would also be necessary to take as a preliminary alert or anticipating. With such measures, it is expected that the risks of heart attacks may be eliminated.

Despite his neglected health care, we can learn much from Mbah Surip on how persistent he was fighting the life. He had unveiled the thing that looks like impossible to the pessimists, but it is not in his hands. He changed from the street-ranged singer to one of the high-ranked idol. Cruising the long journey of living with full confidence and persistent to gain the success.

Now, Mbah Surip has gone away to another step of human life cycle. Good bye, Mbah Surip! Rest in peace.

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English For Young Learners (4)

Dalam pelajaran terdahulu kita sudah membahas bagaimana mengungkapkan peristiwa yang kita alami, mulai dari peristiwa yang sudah lewat / lampau, peristiwa yang sedang berlangsung, maupun peristiwa yang menjadi kebiasan atau sudah menjadi kebenaran umum. Kali ini kita akan membahas tenses yang kita pakai untuk melukiskan peristiwa yang akan terjadi atau akan berlangsung. Nah, tenses ini kita sebut ‘the future’. Ayo kita bahas lebih lanjut tentang the future ini, yang akan meliputi pembahasan mengenai simple future, future progressive dan future perfect, dan future perfect progressive.

Untuk melukiskan suatu peristiwa yang belum terjadi dan baru akan terjadi beberapa saat kemudian biasanya kita memakai kata ‘akan’. Kata ‘akan’ ini dalam bahasa Inggris kita memakai ‘will’. Umpamanya kita mau bilang: “Besok aku akan mendaki Gunung Merapi”. Dalam Bahasa Inggris kita ucapkan: Tomorrow, I will climb the Mount Merapi. Tenses seperti ini kita sebut sebagai Simple Future.

Simple future

Pola kalimat yang menggunakan simple future adalah

Subject + will + kata kerja bentuk pertama.


Saya akan melanjutkan belajar Bahasa Inggris. I will continue learning English.
Ia akan menulis artikel di sini. She / he will write an article here.
Berita itu akan membuatnya kaget. The news will make him surprised.
Bila kita tidak berbuat sesuatu, akan mati tanpa arti. If we don’t have something, we will die nothing.

Coba kita perhatikan!
Untuk subject he, she,it, kata will diikuti dengan kata kerja bentuk pertama, tidak perlu menambahkan ‘s’. Jadi bukan, She will writes, tetapi She will write.

Berlatihlah untuk mengungkapkan kegiatan-kegiatan yang akan kamu lakukan dengan memakai simple future ini sebanyak-banyaknya.

Bila kamu akan membuat kalimat negatifnya, letakkanlah kata ‘not’ di belakang kata will. Kata will not dapat digabung dan disingkat menjadi won’t.

Contoh pemakaian:

Hari ini kita tidak akan berlayar karena cuaca buruk.
We will not (won’t) sail today because of the bad weather.

Kami tidak akan pulang sebelum diijinkan oleh guru.
We will not (won’t) go home until our teacher allows us.

Lakukan atau kita tidak akan punya apapun!
Do or we won’t get anything!

Lalu bagaimana kalau kita akan membuat kalimat tanya?

Gampang saja! Tinggal memindahkan letak kata will di awal kalimat dan menambahkan tanda tanya di akhir kalimat.

Akankah hari ini kutemukan hal baru dalam hidupku?
Will I see something new in my life?

Akankah kau beli sebuah Mecedes bila kau dapatkan cukup uang.
Will you buy a Mercedes if you get enough money?

Future progressive

Penggunaan kata will sebagai terjemahan dari kata akan, hanya melukiskan bahwa suatu tindakan akan dilakukan. Di dalamnya tidak ada batasan tentang waktu yang pasti kapan pelaksanaanya: apakah itu akan sedang dilakukan, akan sudah dilakukan. Padahal dalam Bahasa Inggris ‘akan sedang dilakukan’ mengunakan tenses lain dari tenses yang digunakan untuk menerjemahkan sekedar kata ‘akan’. Ayo kita perluas pemahaman kita.

Pola kalimatnya adalah:

Subject + will + be + kata kerja bentuk -ing

Bandingkan antara kalimat:

Ia akan belajar Bahasa Inggris besok.
(She will learn English tomorrow).

dengan kalimat ini:

Ia akan belajar menulis jam11.00 besok.
(Karena ia mengikuti les Bahasa Inggris setiap jam 10.00-12.00, maka besok ia pada jam 11.00 sedang belajar. Hari ini kita isa mengatakan: She will be learning English at 11.00 tomorrow)

Jadi, untuk peristiwa yang akan sedang berlangung pada saat tertentu di waktu yang akan datang, kita pakai future progressive atau present continuous tense.

Wah, kok kata-katanya kelihatan ruwet banget ya. Kalau dilihat dengan mata iya sih, tapi coba kita lihat pakai rasa…tidak juga kan? Dalam bahasa Indonesia memang makna ‘akan’ ya sekedar ‘terjadi pada waktu yang akan datang’, itu saja! Dalam Bahasa Inggris lebih terperinci, apakah peristiwa itu: baru akan, akan sedang terjadi, sudah akan terjadi, ataupun akan sudah sedang terjadi.

Tambah bingung? Jangan menyerah! Dalam mempelajari bahasa memang selain menggunakan nalar kita juga menggunakan rasa. Semakin peka kita menggunakan rasa semakin gampang kita menangkap makna. Belajar bahasa juga tidak lepas dari unsur estetika, maka belajar menggunakan rasa akan sangat mempengaruhi kemampuan untuk menjadi ‘beda’ dan bukan sekedar ‘rata-rata’.
Kembali ke masalah future progressive, bagaimana kalau kita akan membuat kalimat negatifnya?

Pada jam 11.00 besok, ia tidak akan sedang belajar bahasa Ingris.
At 11.00 o’clock tomorrow, she will not be learning English.(mungkin khusus besok, lesnya libur)

Malam ini ia tidak akan sedang menjelajah internet.
Tonight, he will not be browsing the Internet. (mungkin dilarang bapaknya, biasanya setiap malam ia melakukan browsing).

Untuk membuat kalimat tanya, kita pindahkan kata will ke awal kalimat dan menambahkan tanda tanya di akhir kalimat.

Will she be learning English at 11.00 tomorrow?

At 11.00 o’clock tomorrow, will she not be learning English?

Future perfect

Bila pada waktu yang akan datang kita ‘akan sudah menyelesiakan’ suatu pekerjaan sebelum peristiwa lain tejadi, kita gunakan future perfect. Sekali lagi coba menggunakan rasa dalam mengartikan frasa ‘akan sudah menyelesaikan’ ini, maka semuanya akan terasa mudah dalam mempelajari tenses ini.

Pola kalimatnya:

Subject + will + have + kata kerja bentuk III (perfect)

I will have already finished eating when you arrive at 12.30. (makannya biasanya jam 12.00)
You will have graduated on August. (sekarang bulan Juni, ujiannya bulan July, Agustus sudah lulus kan?)

Untuk membuat kalimat negatif, sama saja tinggal menambahkan ‘not’ di belakang kata will.

I will not have already finished eating when you arrive at 12.30. (kalau makannya biasanya jam 13.00)

You will not have graduated on August. (misalnya ujiannya bulan September, pada bulan Agustus pasti belum lulus).

Dan untuk kalimat tanya, cukup memindahkan kata ‘will’ di awal kalimat dan mengakhiri kalimat dengan tanda tanya.

Will you have already finished eating when you I arrive at 12.30?

Will you have graduated on August?

Future perfect progressive

Masih terkait dengan masalah mengungkapkan peristiwa pada masa yang akan datang,
ayo kita pelajari sekalian mengenai future perfect progressive.

Pola kalimatnya adalah:

Subject + will + have + been + kata kerja bentuk –ing

Lho, koq semakin panjang saja ya. Kelihataannya begitu. Tapi coba gunakan resep ‘rasa’ tadi, maka semua menjadi gampang. Tenses ini untuk melukiskan peristiwa yang ‘sudah dimulai, sedang dan akan masih terus berlanjut pada masa mendatang’. Lebih jelasnya begini: kita sudah belajar Bahasa Inggris 2 tahun yang lalu, sekarang masih belajar di tahun ke-2 ini dan tahun depan mungkin juga masih terus belajar. Nah tenses yang paling tepat, gunakan future perfect progressive ini.

I will have been learning English for two years. (sudah belajar 2 tahun tapi tahun ke-2 ini masih berjalan, dan akan masih terus belajar di ahun berikutnya).

Anthony will have been eating ten apples. (sudah makan 10 apel tapi belum habis, sekarang sedang makan apel ke 10 ini, dan mungkin akan terus makan apel ke-11 dan seterusnya)

Bagaimana untuk membuat kalimat negatifnya ? Tidak berbeda dengan cara sebelumnya, tambahkan kata not di belakang kata will.

I will not have been learning English for two years.

Anthony will not have been eating ten apples.

Bagaimana pula untuk membuat kalimat tanya / interrogative? Bukan hal yang susah, tinggal memindahkan kata will ke awal kalimat dan mengakhiri kalimat dengan tanda tanya.

Will you have been learning English for two years?

Will Anthony have been eating ten apples?

Wah, rasanya sudah cukup panjang kita membahas masalah the future ini. Aku juga sudah capai nulisnya. Sementara kita sudahi dulu pelajaran kali ini dan kita lanjutkan pada kesempatan mendatang. Satu hal yang perlu diingat, coba berlatih sendiri dengan tenses di atas karena ini cara yang membuat kamu berbeda dengan mereka yang tidak / belum bisa berbahasa Inggris.

Selamat belajar.

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